Poland opened an investigation into the secret prisons in 2008 that is still under way. No charges have yet been brought.A report by the Open Society Justice Initiative published last year found that 54 countries had participated in the ‘rendition’ programme.The parties to the case have three months to appeal against the judgment. The US has admitted holding suspected terrorists in secret facilities abroad but has never disclosed the location of these ‘black sites’. Poland has denied that the CIA operated any detention sites on its soil with its knowledge.“Having regard to the evidence before it, the court came to the conclusion that the applicants’ allegations that they had been detained in Poland were sufficiently convincing,” the judgment made today (24 July) said. “The court found that Poland had co-operated in the preparation and execution of the CIA rendition, secret detention and interrogation operations on its territory and it ought to have known that by enabling the CIA to detain the applicants on its territory, it was exposing them to a serious risk of treatment contrary to the [human rights] convention.”Al-Nashiri and Abu Zubaydah said that they were ill-treated while in Poland, through methods known as ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’, approved by the George W. Bush administration, which include water-boarding.“The treatment to which the applicants had been subjected by the CIA during their detention in Poland had amounted to torture,” the court said today.The court found that Poland had co-operated with the CIA programme, for example by providing logistical support for the transfer of detainees to the Stare Kiejkuty base in north-east Poland, a military intelligence facility.“It was true that the interrogations and, therefore, the ill-treatment of the applicants at the Stare Kiejkuty facility had been the exclusive responsibility of the CIA and it was unlikely that the Polish officials had witnessed or known exactly what had happened inside the facility,” the judgment said. However, “for all practical purposes, Poland had facilitated the whole process, had created the conditions for it to happen and had made no attempt to prevent it from occurring”. The European Court of Human Rights has found that Poland violated the human rights of two men who were held by the Central Intelligence Agency at a secret site on its soil, and has ordered the Polish government to pay the men a total of €230,000 in damages.In a judgment today (24 July), the court said that Poland had co-operated in their secret transfer and detention (known as ‘rendition’) and was aware that by doing so it would expose them to the risk of human-rights violations.The case had been brought by Abu Zubaydah, a Saudi-born Palestinian, and Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, a Saudi national; both men were captured in 2002 and are currently held at a US camp in Guantanamo Bay.